Antibiotics: What They Are, How to Take Them, Side Effects
Antibiotics are medicines that help stop infections caused by bacteria. They do this by killing the bacteria or by keeping them from copying themselves or reproducing.
The word antibiotic means “against life.” Any drug that kills germs in your body is technically an antibiotic.
So what do antibiotics do, exactly? Three things, primarily: They break down bacterial infections, which is when the bad kind of bacteria reproduce and emit harmful chemicals that cause tissue damage. They also work against fungal infections like mold, which gets into the air and goes into your lungs. Finally, they work against certain parasites, or organisms that have taken on a life inside of you. Many people are prescribed antibiotics for various reasons at any given time.
These are the types of infections that can be treated with antibiotics:
- Some ear and sinus infections
- Dental infections
- Skin infections
- Meningitis (swelling of the brain and spinal cord)
- Strep throat
- Bladder and kidney infections
- Bacterial pneumonias
- Whooping cough
But the problem with antibiotics is that the more we take them, the more likely we are to develop an antibiotic-resistant bacterial infection(bacteria that are harder to treat).
Keep in mind :
- Antibiotics act overtime. Always take the recommend dose, even if the symptoms disappear.
- Some antibiotics should be taken only on an empty stomach, others with food. They turn to be bad if you take without doctor’s prescription.
- Antibiotics do not prevent or cure viral illnesses such as colds or flu.
- Besides ‘bad’ bacteria, they can kill useful bacteria, such as, those in the intestines that aid digestion. Diarrhoea results often.
- Some people are allergic to antibiotics and if taken some bad results would occur.
- Overuse of antibiotics may lead to the development of resistant strains of microorganisms.